Thursday, November 16, 2017

English Passage for SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam

Read the following passage carefully and choose the most appropriate answer to the question out of the four alternatives.

A classless society, however, does not mean a society without leaders. It means rather one in which every citizen becomes for the first time eligible for leadership, if he has the power to lead. It means a society in which every one is given, as far as possible, the chance to develop this power by the widest diffusion of educational opportunities in the broadest sense, and by keeping the career wide open to talents of every useful kind. It is often said that a community of equals will not allow itself to be led. But in fact, most men are, in most things, very willing to be led, and more in danger of giving their leaders too much than too little authority, especially if they are free to choose them, and assured that the leaders cannot exploit them for personal economic advantage; leadership, so far from disappearing, will come into its own in a truly democratic society. But it is likely to be a more diffused leadership than we are used to; for a better-nurtured people will have more citizens with strong wills and minds of their own, wishful to lead; some in politics, some in industry, and some in professions and arts of life.

This is the idea of a classless society. Some will reject it as contrary to their interest, some as utopian and against 'Human nature,' for there are some who deny, indeed if not in word, that the aim of society should be to promote the greatest happiness and welfare of the greatest number and others who hold, with pessimistic honesty, that most men must be driven and not led.

  1. What is the tone adopted by the author in this passage?
    (A) Expository
    (B) Factual
    (C) Critical
    (D) Satirical
    View Answer
  2. According to the passage, the kind of people who deny the idea of a classless society may be called ______
    (A) Utopian
    (B) Cynical
    (C) Idealists
    (D) Dictatorial
    View Answer
  3. What kind of people would be ideal for a classless society?
    (A) People who are assertive enough to lead
    (B) People who book no opposition
    (C) People with Conviction in their Ideas
    (D) People willing to innovate
    View Answer
  4. What kind of leadership would a classless society have ?
    (A) Leaders would not exploit others for their personal advantage
    (B) Leaders would not have too much authority over people
    (C) Many would develop leadership in the field of their interest
    (D) Every person would have a reason to lead
    View Answer
  5. According to the passage, a classless society is _____
    (A) A society in which there are no leaders
    (B) A society where no one is willing to be led.
    (C) A society where everyone would not give authority to their leaders
    (D) A society where everyone can become a leader
    View Answer
  6. Read the following passage carefully and choose the most appropriate answer to the question out of the four alternatives.

    Great books do not spring from something accidental in the great men who write them. They are the effluence of their very core, the expression of the life itself of the authors. And literature cannot be said to have served its true purpose until it has been translated into the actual life of him who reads. It is the vast reservoir of true ideas and emotions. In a world deprived of literature, the broad, the noble, the generous would tend to disappear and life would be correspondingly degraded, because the wrong idea and the petty emotion would never feel the upward pull of the ideas and emotions of genius. Only by conceiving a society without literature can it be clearly realised that the function of literature is to raise the plain towards the top level of the peaks. Literature exist so that where a man has lived finely, ten thousands may afterwards live finely. it is a means of life, it concerns the living essence.
  7. What is the function of literature?
    (A) To raise the plain above sea level.
    (B) To raise everything so that it does not sink to the sea level.
    (C) To raise the peaks towards the highest mountain.
    (D) To raise the plain towards the top level of the peaks.
    View Answer
  8. If a world is deprived of literature, what would happen to the broad, the noble and the generous?
    (A) They would be living a free life without care.
    (B) They would worry themselves into petty issues.
    (C) They would tend to dissappear and life would be correspondingly degraded.
    (D) They would celebrate life.
    View Answer
  9. Literature cannot be said to have served its true purpose untill it has been ______ into the actual life of the person who reads.
    (A) transfigured
    (B) transgressed
    (C) translated
    (D) transmuted
    View Answer
  10. What does the words "effluence of their very core" mean?
    (A) Expression which is the outflow from the heart of the author.
    (B) Expression which is the influence from people's talk.
    (C) Expression of things that the author may have thought of.
    (D) Expression that the author wrote accidentally.
    View Answer
  11. How have great books been written?
    (A) By an accidental means.
    (B) By great men who write them.
    (C) By men who think too much.
    (D) By men who imagine sometimes.
    View Answer

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