Saturday, July 18, 2015

Jawaharlal Nehru(1889- 1964)

Jawaharlal Nehru(1889- 1964)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was the son of Motilal Nehru and Swarupa Rani.
  • Jawahar’ means Jewel
  • He was born in 1886 November 14. 
  • Vijayalekshmi Pandit and Krishna Harthising were the sisters of Nehru. 
  • Nehru became a member of Theosophical Soci- ety at the age of 13. He went to London in 1905 and joined the Haro Public School, Then Trinity College in Cambridge and finally at the Inner Temple.  
  • He returned India in 1912 and started practice at the Alahabad High Court. 
  • Nehru attended the Bankipore Congress Session in 1912. 
  • He met Gandhi in 1916 at the Lucknow session. 
  • Nehru became the General Secretary of INC in 1923.
  • Nehru became the president of INC for the first time 1929. Poorna Swaraj Resolution was passed at this session (Lahore).
  • Nehru became the President of INC for the larg-est number of times Lahore (1929), Lucknow(1935), Faizpur (1936), New Delhi (1951),Hyderabad (1953) and Kalyan (1954).
  • Nehru started a newspaper called ‘National Her-ald’.
  • Nehru headed the interim ministry formed in 1946 September.
  • He became the first Prime Minister of India after independence in 1947.
  • Nehru has the largest term as India’s Prime Min-ister.
  • Important works of Nehru are ‘Glimpses of World History’,‘The Unity of India’, ‘The Discovery of India’ ‘Bunch of Old letters’.
  • "An Autobiography’’ is the autobiography of Nehru.
  • ‘‘.......... At the stroke of the mid night hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and free-dom........... these are the words of Nehru.
  • Nehru’s main contribution to the evolution of Indias foreign policy was the acceptance of non-allignment. Non-alignment meant taking independent deci-sions on international issues with a sense of neu-trality.
  • Nehru visited China in 1954, both the countries signed the Panch Sheel.‘I want the cultures of all lands to be brought to my house as freely as possible’ He said
  • The expression ‘‘Tryst with destiny’ was first used by Jawaharlal Nehru on the Occasion of India attaining freedom.
  • There will be no freedom in this country or in the world so long as a single human being is unfree.
  • It is not so much the existence of a nation that counts but what the nation that counts but what the nation does during various periods of exist-ence Nehru.
  • Nehru was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1955.
  • Nehru got placed in Indial Postal Stamp in 1964.
  • India government began to distribute Interna-tional Award for International understanding in 1965. U Thant got it for the first time.
  • First woman to get the award was Mother Theresa(1969)
  • Nehru died on 27 may 1964 at the age of 75.

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