Monday, April 27, 2015

SSC Quiz on Indian Polity & Constitution with Explanation

Polity Quiz for SSC | Quiz on Polity for SSC | Polity & Constitution Quiz for SSC.

Q1. What is maximum period upto which a proclamation issued by the President under Article 356 of the Constitution and approved/ extended by the Parliament may, normally remain in force?

  1. 6 months
  2. 1 year
  3. 2 years
  4. Unit is replaced by the Parliament 
Q2. Where is the objective of "Social Justice" articulated in the Constitution of India?
  1. Article 14
  2. Article 15
  3. Article 16
  4. Preamble
Q3. Under which Article of the Constitution can an Emergency be declared in India on account of war or external aggression?
  1. Article 356
  2. Article 352
  3. Article 353
  4. Article 354
Q4. The function of Protem Speaker is to
  1. conduct the proceedings of the House in the absence of the Speaker
  2. officiate as Speaker when a Speaker is unlikely to be elected
  3. swearing in members and hold charge till a regular Speaker is elected
  4. check if the election certificates of members are in order.
Q5. Division of powers is the principle of 
  1. Unitary form of Government
  2. Federal form of Government
  3. Socialist form of Government
  4. Republican form of Government
Q6. Who among the following presides over the Lok Sabha in the absence of Speaker or Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha?
  1. A member appointed by the President.
  2. A member nominated by the members of the parliament present in the House.
  3. A person from the panel formed by the speaker of the Lok Sabha
  4. A senior most member of the House.
Q7. Which Article of the Indian constitution provides for the employer to give maternity benefits to its employees?
  1. Article - 41
  2. Article- 42
  3. Article-43
  4. Article-44
Q8. Which among the following court has the original jurisdiction to hear petition and give decision challenging election of the Lok Sabha/ Vidhan Sabha?
  1. District Court of a constituency.
  2. High Court of the State.
  3. Special Judge authorised by the Chief Justice of India.
  4. Supreme Court
Q9. Preventive Detention means-
  1. detention for interrogation
  2. detention after interrogation
  3. detention without interrogation
  4. detention for cognisable offence.
Q10. Which among the following Articles of the Indian Constitution provides for State emergency and suspends constitutional arrangement in a State?
  1. Article - 352
  2. Article - 356
  3. Article - 389
  4. Article - 392

Answers with Explanation
  1. (2) President's rule is enabled by Article 356 of the Constitution of India, which gives authority to impose central rule if there has been failure of the constitutional machinery in any state of India. It is imposed for six months and can last for a maximum period of three years with repeated parliamentary approval every six months. But 42nd amendment act of 1976 extended the one time duration of state emergency from 6 months to 1 year. Therefore from now on after every 1 year Parliament needs to approve the same. If the emergency has to to be extended for more than three years, it can be done by a constitutional amendment, as has happened in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir.
  2. (4) In concept social justice is very well articulated in the Constitution of India(1950). The Preamble of our constitution use of term "social justice- social, economic and political, the equality of status and opportunity is provided by the the Constitution maker for futuristic development of the country".
  3. (2) National emergency is caused by war, external aggression or armed rebellion in the whole of India or a part of its territory. Such an emergency was declared in India in 1962(Indo-china war), 1971( Indo-pak war), and 1975(declared by indira gandhi to escape conviction). The president can declare such an emergency under Article 352.
  4. (3) In the first meeting after election in which speaker and vice speaker is selected by members of parliament, that meeting is hold under the senior most member of parliament is called protem speaker.
  5. (2) The separation of powers, often imprecisely used interchangeably with the trias politica principle, is a model for the governance of a state. The normal division of branches is into a legislature, an executive and a judiciary. Division of powers is the often overlooked principle of dividing governmental power among the federal, state and local governments.
  6. (3) In the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker discharges his functions. A member from the Panel of Chairmen presides over the House in the absence of both the Speaker and the deputy speaker.
  7. (2) Article 42 of the Indian Constitution has provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief. It comes under the Directive Principles of State Policy.
  8. (2)The high court has the original jurisdiction to hear petition and give decision challenging election of the Lok Sabha/ Vidhan Sabha.
  9. (3) Preventive detention is an imprisonment that is putatively justified for non-punitive purposes. In contrast to this, under preventive detention the government can imprison a person for some time without a criminal charge. It means that if the government feels that a peron being at liberty can be a threat to the law and order or the unity and integrity of the nation, it can detain or arrest that person to prevent him from doing this possible harm.
  10. (2)

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