Tuesday, March 17, 2015

Shivaji (1674 - 80) : The Great Maratha Leader

Shivaji (1674 - 80) : The Great Maratha Leader

  1. Full name: Shivaji Bhosale
  2. Born: February 19, 1627, Shivneri Fort
  3. Died: April 3, 1680, Raigad Fort
  4. Father - Shahji Bhonsle
  5. Mother - Jija Bai
  6. Religious Teacher/ Guru - Samarth Ramdas
  7. Children: Sambhaji Bhosale, Rajaram Chhatrapati, Deepabai, more
  8. Spouse: Sakvarbai (m. 1656–1680), Putalabai (m. 1653–1680), Sai Bhosale (m. 1640–1659), Soyarabai (m. ?–1680)

  • Shivaji inherited the Jagir of Poona from his father in 1637.
  • After the death of his guardian, Dadaji Kondadev, in 1647, he assumed full charge of his jagir.
  • He conquered many Forts viz. Singh Garh/ Kondana(1643), Rohind and Chakan(1644-45), Toran(1646), Purandhar(1648), Rajgarh / Raigarh(1656) and Panhala(1659).
  • Afzal khan was deputed by Adil Shah(Ruler of Bijapur) to punish Shivaji; but the later Afzal khan was killed by shivaji in 1659.
  • Shaista Khan Governer of Deccan, was deputed by Aurangzeb to put down the rising power of Shivaji in 1660. Shivaji lost Poona and suffered several defeats till he made a bold attack on Shaista Khan(1663) and plundered surat(1664) and later Ahmadnagar.
  • Raja jai singh of Amber was then appointed by Aurangzeb to put down Shivaji(1665). Jai singh succeeded in beseiging Shivaji in the fort of Purandhar. Consequently the treaty of Purandhar(1665) was signed according to which Shivaji ceded some forts to the Mughals and paid as a visit to the Mughal court at Agra.
  • In 1674, Shivaji was coronated at capital Raigarh and assumed the title of  Haindaa Dharmodharak(Protector of Hinduism).
  • After the Chhatrapati Shivaji continued the struggle with Mughals and Siddis(Janjira). He conquested Karntaka during 1677-80.

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