Wednesday, September 3, 2014

Spelling Rules in English for SSC Exams - Notes and PDF

Spelling Rules in English for SSC Exams



Spelling Rules in English for SSC Exams - Notes and PDF

Final Constant

Rule 1 One- syllable words ending in single vowel + single consonant double the consonant before a suffix beginning with a vowel. Eg

  • Beg + ed = begged 
  • Big + er = bigger 
  • Swim + ing= swimming 
  • Sad + est = saddest

Rule 2 Words of two or three syllables ending in single vowel + single consonant double the final consonant if the last syllable is stressed. Eg-

  • Permit + ed = permitted 
  • Occur + ing =occurring 
  • Control + ed =controlled  
  • Begin + ing = beginning

Rule 3 Consonant ‘I’ is doubled in the words ending in single vowel + “I” before a suffix beginning with a vowel eg.

  • Signal + ing = signalling 
  • Repel + ent = repellent 
  • Quarrel + ed = quarrelled 
  • Travel + er = traveller

Rule 4 When the suffix “full” is added to a word, one “ I” is removed. Eg-

  • Faith + full = faithful 
  • Use + full= useful

If the word to which the suffix “full” is added ends in “ll”, one “I” is removed from the word also. Eg:

  • Skill +full = skilful 
  • Will + full= wilful

Final “e”

Rule 5 Words ending in silent “e”, drop the “e” before a suffix beginning with a vowel eg.

  • Hope + ing = hoping 
  • Live + ed = lived 
  • Drive + er = driver 
  • Tire + ing= tiring

If the suffix begins with a consonant “e” is not dropped e.g

  • Hope + full = hopeful 
  • Sincere + ly= sincerely

But,

  • True + ly = truly 
  • Nine + th = ninth 
  • Argue + ment = argument

Rule 6 When the suffix “out” is added to a word ending in “ce”, “e” is changed to “i”. Eg:

  • Space + ous= spacious 
  • Vice + ous= vicious 
  • Malice + ous = malicious 
  • Grace + ous= gracious

Rule 7 Words ending in “ee”, do not drop an “e” before a suffix , eg.

  • See + ing= seeing 
  • Agree + ment= agreement 
  • Foresee + ing= foreseeing 
  • Agree + ed= agreed

Rule 8 When the suffix “ing” is added to a word ending in “ie”, “ie” is changed to “y”. Eg;

  • Lie + ing= lying 
  • Die + ing = dying 
  • Tie + ing= tying

Final “Y”
Rule 9 A final “y” following a consonant changes to “i” before a suffix except “ing”. Eg.

  • Carry + ed = carried 
  • Happy + ly = happily 
  • Marry + age = marriage 
  • Beauty + full = beautiful

But,

  • Marry + ing = marrying 
  • Carry + ing = carrying

Rule 10 A final “y” following a vowel does not change before a suffix. Eg:

  • Obey + ed = obeyed 
  • Play + er = player 
  • Pray + ed= prayed

“ie” or “ ei”

Rule 11 In a word, “ei” is generally used after “c” and “ie” is used after any other letter e.g:

  •  Conceive 
  • Conceit 
  • Deceive 
  • Receive 
  • Achieve 
  • Relieve 
  • Believe 
  • Field

BUT,

  • Seize 
  • Protein 
  • Counterfeit
  • Weird 
  • Surfeit

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